Hybrid nanomaterials for multi-spectral infrared photodetection

TitleHybrid nanomaterials for multi-spectral infrared photodetection
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsAD Stiff-Roberts
JournalInternational Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems
Volume17
Issue1
Start Page165
Pagination165 - 172
Date Published03/2007
Abstract

Quantum dot infrared photodetectors (QDIPs) using quantum dots (QDs) grown by strained-layer epitaxy have demonstrated low dark current, multi-spectral response, high operating temperature, and infrared (IR) imaging. However, achieving near room-temperature, multi-spectral operation is a challenge due to randomness in QD properties. The ability to control dopant incorporation is important since charge carrier occupation influences dark current and IR spectral response. In this work, dopant incorporation is investigated in two classes of QDs; epitaxial InAs/GaAs QDs and CdSe colloidal QDs (CQDs) embedded in MEH-PPV conducting polymers. The long-term goal of this work is to combine these hybrid nanomaterials in a single device heterostructure to enable multispectral IR photodetection. Two important results towards this goal are discussed. First, by temperature-dependent dark current-voltage and polarization-dependent Fourier transform IR spectroscopy measurements in InAs/GaAs QDIPs featuring different doping schemes, we have provided experimental evidence for the important contribution of thermally-activated, defectassisted, sequential resonant tunneling. Second, the enhanced quantum confinement and electron localization in the conduction band of CdSe/MEH-PPV nanocomposites enable intraband transitions in the mid-IR at room temperature. Further, by controlling the semiconductor substrate material, doping type, and doping level on which these nanocomposites are deposited, the intraband IR response can be tuned. © World Scientific Publishing Company.

DOI10.1142/S0129156407004382
Short TitleInternational Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems