RIR-MAPLE deposition of conjugated polymers for application to optoelectronic devices

TitleRIR-MAPLE deposition of conjugated polymers for application to optoelectronic devices
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsR Pate, R McCormick, L Chen, W Zhou, and AD Stiff-Roberts
JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
Start Page555
Pagination555 - 563
Date Published11/2011

Resonant-infrared matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation (RIR-MAPLE) is a promising deposition technology for the fabrication of conjugated polymer-based optoelectronic devices for two primary reasons: (i) the ability to control film morphology, and (ii) the ability to deposit multi-layered heterostructures. This article reviews a variation of RIR-MAPLE that uses emulsified targets of organic solvents and water such that the incident laser wavelength (Er:YAG at 2.9 μm) is resonant with hydroxyl (O-H) bonds in the host matrix, which are absent from the guest material. The novelty of the approach lies in the fact that while most polymers of interest and many compatible solvents do not resonantly absorb the laser energy at 2.9 μm, the emulsion with water enables high-quality, thin-film deposition with minimal photochemical and structural degradation for almost any polymer of interest. In addition, the advantages of emulsion-based RIR-MAPLE for conjugated polymer-based optoelectronic devices are demonstrated by two important studies. First, conjugated polymer films deposited by RIR-MAPLE are shown to have higher hole drift mobilities than films deposited using traditional drop-casting and spin-casting techniques. Second, the unique capability of RIR-MAPLE to enable conjugated polymer-based optical heterostructures is demonstrated by the fabrication and characterization of a multi-layer, polymer distributed Bragg reflector. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

Short TitleApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing